Matei Calinescu Cinci Fete Ale Modernitatii 14.pdfl [WORK]
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Matei Calinescu's Five Faces of Modernity: A Classic Study of Modernism, Avant-Garde, Decadence, Kitsch, and Postmodernism
Matei Calinescu (1934-2009) was a Romanian-born literary critic and professor of comparative literature at Indiana University. He is best known for his book Five Faces of Modernity: Modernism, Avant-Garde, Decadence, Kitsch, and Postmodernism, first published in Romanian in 1977 and later translated into English in 1987.
The book is a comprehensive analysis of the concept of modernity and its aesthetic manifestations in literature and art from the late 18th century to the present. Calinescu argues that modernity is not a single phenomenon, but a complex and contradictory one, with multiple faces that reflect different historical and cultural contexts. He identifies five main faces of modernity: modernism, avant-garde, decadence, kitsch, and postmodernism.
Modernism is the face of modernity that emphasizes innovation, experimentation, originality, and artistic autonomy. It is characterized by a rejection of tradition, realism, and conventional forms, and a search for new modes of expression and representation. Modernism is exemplified by writers such as James Joyce, Virginia Woolf, Marcel Proust, T.S. Eliot, Franz Kafka, and artists such as Pablo Picasso, Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Henri Matisse.
Avant-garde is the face of modernity that radicalizes the modernist project and challenges the established norms and values of society and culture. It is characterized by a spirit of revolt, provocation, subversion, and destruction. Avant-garde is exemplified by movements such as Dadaism, Surrealism, Futurism, Cubism, Expressionism, Constructivism.
Decadence is the face of modernity that reflects a sense of crisis, decline, exhaustion, and disillusionment with the modern world. It is characterized by a fascination with death, decay, disease, eroticism, perversion, and aestheticism. Decadence is exemplified by writers such as Charles Baudelaire, Oscar Wilde, Joris-Karl Huysmans, Arthur Rimbaud.
Kitsch is the face of modernity that represents the mass culture and consumer society of the modern age. It is characterized by a lack of taste, originality, authenticity, and quality. Kitsch is exemplified by products such as souvenirs, postcards, calendars, posters.
Postmodernism is the face of modernity that emerges in the second half of the 20th century as a reaction to the failures and limitations of modernism and avant-garde. It is characterized by a rejection of grand narratives, universal values,
and absolute truths. Postmodernism is exemplified by writers such as Jorge Luis Borges,
and artists such as Andy Warhol,
Calinescu's book is a classic study of modernity and its aesthetic expressions. It offers a rich and nuanced account of the diverse and contradictory aspects of modern culture and art. It is a valuable source for anyone interested in understanding the complexity and dynamism of modernity. aa16f39245